Steve Kirwin



Made with Paper

Made with Paper

5 People and 1 Guitar = Viral Hit of the Week

http://youtu.be/d9NF2edxy-M

"Walk off the Earth" perform a cover of Gotye’s “Somebody that I used to know” using five people on one guitar.

Weekend starts now!
The Shard taken from London Bridge

Weekend starts now!
The Shard taken from London Bridge

Father Thames points towards Docklands

Father Thames points towards Docklands


Three Camels

Three Camels

The shard

The shard

Riots in the UK

Who would be a Police officer in Britain today?

You would need to have your head examined.

You probably know by now that for the last week or so, Britain has been terrorised by an underclass of welfare dependent drug addled criminals scum who have been allowed to run riot in the streets because the police have not been allowed to do their job and protect the public.

The media is full of speculation about why it happened and what is the root cause?

That is easy the root cause the stupidity and a complete lack of imagination. A stunted ferrel view of the world that amounts to self-inflicted moral and mental disablement and it’s a direct product of the entitlement culture and idleness that encourages victimhood and compensate criminals.  

That is the root cause and it happened because there was nobody there to stop it. Because the people who did it know damn well if they are caught they wont be probably punished. That’s why it happen.  

It also happened because we don’t have enough police officers in Britain, they cost money unfortunately, and many of the ones we do have, have not been properly trained in riot control because that costs money.

It happened because police are not allowed to deal with rioting effectively in Britain using water cannon, tear gas, rubber bullets the kind of things other riot police take for granted. Also individual officers have learn from experience that if they lay a hand on a rioter they are likely be charged with assault or worse.

Ordinary offices in the police have got no chance at all whatever they do, they are criticised and vilified for it, by people who are not in their situation, and couldn’t cope if they were.

When the rioting first broke out if they had gone in straight away and started cracking heads the media would have  been all over them for police brutality. They are not even allowed to carry guns accept the special circumstances even though gun crime is rampant in Britain and in some-places it seems like every second 14 -year-old is walking around with a gun jammed into a belt worn half way down to his knees.

Indeed the whole thing happen because the police shot dead a man who was reported to have a gun, and allegedly pointed it straight at them. This apparently inflamed local sensitivities which is the worst crime you can commit as a policeman in modern Britain.

The social justice brigade have been quick to blame the rioting on the usual suspects, inequality, unfairness, lack of opportunity.

This is happening they say because these youngsters are unemployed. No it isn’t. Who needs a job when you can deal drugs thats where the real money is. And besides  if they had to look for employment then they might have to learn to read and write.

Ok it’s happening  because they are disengaged from society. How awful for them.  That might have something to do with all the drugs.

A tv reporter managed to stop one of them in the street and asked why he was doing it. “I got no money”. Isn’t that awful, my heart goes out to the poor little lad he got no money because he spent all his money on a blackberry phone and a gram of heroin.  innit!

You’ve got money you parasites. You get state benefits because other people work to pay for your room and board. You have got no job because you are unemployable and that’s because you’re inadequate, you’ve got no backbone, no morals, no knowledge, no intelligence and you can’t be trusted. You’ll never make anything of yourself because there is nothing there to begin with, and for that you can blame your stupid ignorant parents not your lack of opportunity.

There are people on this planet who can only dream of your lack of opportunity you disgusting parasitical halfwits. Go and tell the starving people in Somalia that you’ve got no opportunity. Tell  the 10 year old in Pakistan making mud bricks for 18 hours a day for no pay. Tell these people that you have no opportunity,  you pathetic pampered human vermin.

I hear calls from various sections of the community that this is a result of repression and living in a ghetto like society. Well get off your arse and get yourselves out!   Educate yourselves! Improve your lives and with it will come opportunities.

Start by reading…

"…It seems to me that education has a two-fold function to perform in the life of man and in society: the one is utility and the other is culture. Education must enable a man to become more efficient, to achieve with increasing facility the ligitimate goals of his life.”
 ”Education must also train one for quick, resolute and effective thinking. To think incisively and to think for one’s self is very difficult. We are prone to let our mental life become invaded by legions of half truths, prejudices, and propaganda.”
"At this point, I often wonder whether or not education is fulfilling its purpose. A great majority of the so-called educated people do not think logically and scientifically. Even the press, the classroom, the platform, and the pulpit in many instances do not give us objective and unbiased truths. To save man from the morass of propaganda, in my opinion, is one of the chief aims of education."
"Education must enable one to sift and weigh evidence, to discern the true from the false, the real from the unreal, and the facts from the fiction.”
"The function of education, therefore, is to teach one to think intensively and to think critically. But education which stops with efficiency may prove the greatest menace to society. The most dangerous criminal may be the man gifted with reason, but with no morals.
writings by Martin Luther King Jr., on education

By the age of 14 every person in the UK should be armed with an understanding of right and wrong, and the tools to educate themselves. Continue to play the race card and claim to be a victim of society and you will continue to be a victim. 

If we had any kind of justice system worth the name of this country, everyone connected with this riot, anyone convicted of taking part in this riot, would automatically lose entitlement state benefits for life. Now that would be justice.

However what will happen if past form is anything to go by,  is that a few hundred dregs of society will go through the courts and get derisory sentences. While the rest of them take their new plasma TVs and go back to their normal lives terrorising the people around them.

Which they can do because there’s nobody there to stop them and everything will go back to normal for everyone except their victims. The people who have been murdered or burnt out of their home or business. Because the police were not there to protect them because there aren’t enough Police and because the Police are not allowed to.

This is Copyright UK

The Copyright laws started as an Royal Prerogative granted under license to Publishers. It existed as a property right that existed under common law, and it lasted in perpetuity (for ever).

Common law, is a law that is made by Judges, usually through a ruling or a decisions made by the judge. As apposed to Statutory Law, which is a law made by the governing or elected body, usually as a result of a paper or policy that is debated in parliament prior to becoming law.

In 1709 The Copyright laws were introduced into Statutory law for published works under the Copyright Act 1709. All unpublished works continued to receive Copyright protection by virtue of the common Law.

The 1709 act commonly referred to as the Statute of Anne

An Act for the Encouragement of Learning, by Vesting the Copies of Printed Books in the Authors or Purchasers of such Copies, during the Times therein mentioned.

Whereas Printers, Booksellers, and other Persons, have of late frequently taken the Liberty of Printing, Reprinting, and Publishing, or causing to be Printed, Reprinted, and Published Books, and other Writings, without the Consent of the Authors or Proprietors of such Books and Writings, to their very great Detriment, and too often to the Ruin of them and their Families: For Preventing therefore such Practices for the future, and for the Encouragement of Learned Men to Compose and Write useful Books; May it please Your Majesty, that it may be Enacted, and be it Enacted by the Queens most Excellent Majesty, by and with the Advice and Consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons in this present Parliament Assembled, and by the Authority of the same, That from and after the Tenth Day of April, One thousand seven hundred and ten, the Author of any Book or Books already Printed, who hath not Transferred to any other the Copy or Copies of such Book or Books, Share or Shares thereof, or the Bookseller or Book-sellers, Printer or Printers, or other Person or Persons, who hath or have Purchased or Acquired the Copy or Copies of any Book or Books, in order to Print or Reprint the same, shall have the sole Right and Liberty of Printing such Book and Books for the Term of One and twenty Years, to Commence from the said Tenth Day of April, and no longer; and that the Author of any Book or Books already Composed and not Printed and Published, or that shall hereafter be Composed, and his Assignee, or Assigns, shall have the sole Liberty of Printing and Reprinting such Book and Books for the Term of fourteen years, to Commence from the Day of the First Publishing the same, and no longer; And that if any other Bookseller, Printer, or other Person whatsoever, from and after the Tenth Day of April, One thousand seven hundred and ten, within the times Granted and Limited by this Act, as aforesaid, shall Print, Reprint, or Import, or cause to be Printed, Reprinted, or Imported any such Book or Books, without the Consent of the Proprietor or Proprietors thereof first had and obtained in Writing, Signed in the Presence of Two or more Credible Witnesses; or knowing the same to be so Printed or Reprinted, without the Consent of the Proprietors, shall Sell, Publish, or Expose to Sale, or cause to be Sold, Published, or Exposed to Sale, any such Book or Books, without such Consent first had and obtained, as afore said, Then such Offender or Offenders shall Forfeit such Book or Books, and all and every Sheet or Sheets, being part of such Book or Books, to the Proprietor or Proprietors of the Copy thereof, who shall forthwith Damask and make Waste-Paper of them: And further, That every such Offender or Offenders, shall Forfeit One Penny for every sheet which shall be found in his, her, or their Custody, either Printed or Printing, Published or Exposed to Sale, contrary to the true intent and meaning of this Act, the one Moiety thereof to the Queens most Excellent Majesty, Her Heirs and Successors, and the other Moiety thereof to any Person or Persons that shall Sue for the same, to be Recovered in any of Her Majesties  Courts of Record at Westminster, by Action of Debt, Bill, Plaint, or Information, in which no Wager of Law, Essoign, Privilege, or Protection, or more than one Imparlance, shall be allowed.
{there is more but you get the general understanding from above. The Original or copies of the original can be found in The British Library.}

This act was written to ensure that the author and/or publisher of a new book has the sole right to publish that book for a period of 14 years, any existing books at the time the law came in to force were protected for 21 years, to ensure that the author and or publisher could earn an income from their own writings or publishing. It was also a requirement that publications be registered with the Stationers Office.

This law was designed and executed to protect publishing of books and written works specifically with the printing of books in mind. Artistic and Dramatic works were not protected.

It is argued that the opening phrase of the law “An Act for the Encouragement of Learning” sets the framework for the law, and it has two functions.
The first is to provide protection of income for the author and publisher for a limited time to encourage the writing and publishing of books.
The second is to encourage learning through the distribution of books and enable other publishers to reproduce books legally after the period of protection has expired.

The advancement of technology (the printing press) was the main driving force behind the changes and advancement of the legislation.

For the next two hundred years the Laws of Copyright advanced in fits and starts, as new technology, and advancement is publishing and print media progressed, and to include new types of works, (for example printed sheet music & performance art) as the demand arose.

In 1814 section 4 of the Copyright act, the authors rights were extended to 28 years from publication date, and if the author was still alive at the end of this date the right of publication was increased to the end of their natural life.  

Arguably this was needed due to the advancement in health and the average lifespan of the authors.

In 1833, the performance of dramatic works was incorporated into the copyright act, giving exclusive rights to public performances for the period of 28 years, a revisionary length of time was granted to the author for the remainder of their life. Also known as the Bulwer-Lytton Act.

In 1842 the length of time was increased again to 42 years from the date of publication or 7 years after the death of the author, which ever was the longer. If the works was published posthumously the publication was protected for 42 years. Publishers were no longer required to register the publication with the Stationers Hall, however they needed to register a publication prior to taking any action against infringement of their Copyright. Protection for the performance of Musical works was added that brought it into line with literary works.

The laws were disjointed and entangled and difficult to understand.

In 1875 a royal commission was formed to solve the problems of the disjointed laws. It reported:- 

"The law is wholly destitute in any sort of arrangement, incomplete, often obscure, and even when it is intelligible upon long study, it is in many parts so ill-expressed that no-one who does not give such study to it can expect to understand it".

The main concerns about complexity of copyright law grew from being a domestic issue to being an international concern. In 1866 Berne, Switzerland, an international agreement governing copyright was signed.

"…all works except photographic and cinematographic shall be copyrighted for at least 50 years after the author’s death, but parties are free to provide longer terms…"
"For photography, the Berne Convention sets a minimum term of 25 years from the year the photograph was created, and for cinematography the minimum is 50 years after first showing, or 50 years after creation if it hasn’t been shown within 50 years after the creation."

The United Kingdom was a signatory to this convention and the international Copyright Act was passed in Great Britain in 1886 in order to fulfil obligations to foreign authors that arose upon the UK ratifying the Berne Convention on September 8 1887.

In 1908, again in Berne, Switzerland, was revised, and a committee appointed to look at any revision required in the UK.

In 1911 a unification of all the adhoc amendments made to the copyright laws over the past 200 years, was attempted. This became the ‘Copyright Act 1911’ and it abolished the existence of common law Copyright. The duration was extended to the Life of the author plus 50 years, and increased the scope of acts to be considered for infringement. Section 19(1) provided producers of music recording with protection against others reproducing their recordings or playing them in public.

In 1928, in Rome this time, the Berne convention was revised again.

In 1948, in Brussels, more modifications to the convention strengthened the authors rights in the signatory member states of the convention. These modification did not necessitate the UK parliament to make any modifications to its existing legislation.

The USA was not a signatory member of the convention and this left it exposed and isolated in terms of international agreement. Agreements that were put in place during the two world wars were subsequently allowed to lapse.

The UNITED NATIONS EDUCATIONAL, SCIENTIFIC AND CULTURAL ORGANISATION (UNESCO) organised another convention to try to bring the USA into line with other international agreements. The treaty proposed reciprocal agreements that where less stringent than those required by the Berne Convention. The minimum term of protection was the life of the author plus 25 years. So the Universal Copyright Convention was signed in Geneva in 1952.

The UCC made no provision for authors moral rights, which was one of the main reasons that the USA was not a signatory of the Berne convention.

The USA also required that all works be registered so that copyright was approved. In order to accommodate this requirement the UCC stated that if the work bore the copyright symbol, the name of the copyright owner and the year in which the works was first published this would suffice and the works be deemed as registered.

As the UK was also a signatory of the UCC a parliamentary committee was established to review current legislation, new technology,  and determine what changes needed to be made to UK law. Their report was published in 1952 and as a result the 1956 Copyright act was passed, which came in to force in 1957.

Three new types of media where encompassed into the copyright law, Broadcasts, Cinematograph film, and typographical arrangements of published editions

Berne Convention was further revised in Stockholm in 1967, and again in Paris in 1971, and the UCC was updated at the same time. 

In 1973, as a result of the international agreement amendments, another UK committee was appointed to consider these changes. The committee published the Whitford report in 1977.

The Copyright Computer Software Act 1985 was introduced

Prior to the publication of the Whitford paper two additional papers were presented

'The Reform of Law Relating to Copyright, Designs and Performers Protection' 1981

'Intellectual Property Innovation' 1986

As a result of the Whitford report and these additional papers the 1988 Copyright Act came into effect. The Act was passed to include patents, registered designs and Patents Act. And formed the Traditional view of copyright.

The new provisions provided by this Act came into force on August I 1989.

The 1988 Act introduced a number of new rights, such as rental rights in respect of sound recordings, films and computer programmes (section 18(3)); sections 77-89 introduced a comprehensive system of moral rights for authors. The issue of Industrial Designs which had troubled both the courts and parliament for many years resulted in the creation of a new property right called the design right.

Although this is now the principal legislation covering Copyright, it is not the sole source to be consulted, and certain areas have been amended by the Broadcasting Act 1990.

Intellectual Property issues continue to arise within the European Union and the International market, the United Kingdom for example, officially revised the Berne Convention (Paris 1971) with effect from January 2nd 1990.

The European Union is continually struggling to cope with the wishes of its member states, as well as remaining in line with international thinking and the new technological state society is finding itself in It is widely accepted that Copyright as a law will never be fully complete, and can only ever exist as a continually evolving law, adapting to the new challenges that face it, and the governments that create the legislation.

Comment

What is clear is the Copyright was designed to protect the rights of the author and inventor and encourage the creation of new work.

Somewhere along the way its become bastardised to provide corporate assets that never expire, stifling new innovation and improvement of old.

Providing a litigious playground for bullyboy lawyers, that new innovative companies dare not enter, without first arming themselves with equal quantities of patents.  

Next I will explain some of the lobbying that has been undertaken by the various bodies with vested interest in changes to the laws. 

References
http://www.boingboing.net/2011/06/22/leaked-uk-copyright.html

The Open Rights Group exists to preserve and promote your rights in the digital age. We are funded by thousands of people like you.
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Tall ships on the Thames (Taken with instagram)

Tall ships on the Thames (Taken with instagram)